how to prevent your child from choking?

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Parental supervision is key to prevent your child from choking. Also, keeping potential choking things out of your child's reach is very important.

Be aware of the size of foods that may cause choking in your child. Grapes, candy, popcorn, carrots, hot dogs, peanuts, nuts and seeds, raw vegetables, raisins, chewing gum, and chunks of meat can easily get stuck in children's throats and lungs. Children under 4 do not have a full set of teeth and cannot chew as well as older children, so large chunks of foods may lodge in the throat and cause choking.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), about 60 percent of choking incidents are related to food items. The fact is that almost all solid foods can pose some risk of choking.

In addition, small objects can cause choking when they get caught in the throat and block the airway. Younger children are particularly at risk for choking because of their tendency to place objects in their mouths, poor chewing ability, and narrow airways compared with those of older children and adults.

Here are steps to reduce the risk of choking in your child:
-- teach your child to chew his/her food well.
-- learn how to provide early treatment for children who are choking.
-- your child should be sitting (not lying down or in motion) while eating.
-- keep dangerous toys, foods, and household items out of your child's reach.
-- make sure your child is old enough to swallow a medication in the form of tablets or capsules.
-- be aware of older children's actions because many choking incidents occur when older brothers or sisters give dangerous foods, toys, or small objects to a younger child.